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Home | Clement Claiborne Clay | Virginia Tunstall Clay | U.S. Senator for Alabama | Confederate Senator of Alabama & Diplomatic Agent | Fortress Monroe | Times after the War | Resource Links and Bibliography
The Clays of Alabama
Times after the War

Jefferson Davis and C.C. Clay after release from Ft. Monroe (probably around 1866)

In this section I will document the period after C.C. Clays release from Ft. Monroe until his death in 1882.

Papers of Clement Claiborne Clay, 1861 - 1903, report the efforts of a prominent Confederate official and his female relatives to maintain their Madison County, Alabama, plantations during and after the Civil War. Clement Claiborne Clay fought to reclaim his lands and status through ill-health, debt, and bureaucratic red tape. Wartime correspondence reveals the chaotic conditions facing planters such as Clements mother, Susanna Claiborne (Withers) Clay, who used appeals to tradition and loyalty to implore liberated slaves to remain faithful to the plantation.

Through the postwar years Clement, his wife, Virginia Caroline (Tunstall) Clay, and his sister-in-law wrote regularly on the travails of planters resorting to economic suasion with former slaves in the face of labor shortages and uncertain markets. Plantation receipt books document financial relations with freedmen and provisioning. The Clay women were also recipients of letters from relatives throughout the South who reported on episodes of interracial violence and financial hardship.

Ordering Information

Records of Southern Plantations from Emancipation to the Great Migration
Series A. Selections from the Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library, Duke University Part 1: Alabama and South Carolina Plantations
35mm microfilm (23 reels) with printed guide. ISBN 1-55655-835-X.
Microfilm and guide available now.

The photo was taken in 1870

This photo was taken some time after 1870